Find evidence of Boudica (Boadicea, Boudicea, Boudicca) and her revolt against the Romans on a visit to Colchester. The capital of Roman Britain at the time, Colchester was burnt to the ground by Boudica’s Celtic Revolt, and this fascinating part of history is deeply marked in many of the places you can visit today.
Who was Boudica?
A famous character of Britain’s past, Boudica, the red-haired warrior, was queen of the Iceni, a Celtic tribe based in Norfolk at the time of Roman occupation of Britain. Colchester was the capital of the Roman settlement, named Camulodunum, or Colonia Claudia, after Roman emperor Claudius conquered the local Trinovantes Celtic tribe.
What happened when Boudica revolted?
A Celtic uprising led by Boudica marched to Colchester, sacking the Roman temple of Claudius, and burning the town to the ground. The Celts then marched to Londinium, and burned London to the ground.
What can you see of Boudica’s legacy today?
Did Boudicca win? Did Boudica burn London? What happened to Boudica? Can you see Roman treasure? On a visit to Colchester you can discover the answers as well as many artefacts related to this fascinating period of Roman Britain:
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The Fenwick hoard
The Roman Wall
Colchester Castle Museum – Temple of Claudius
The Boudican Layer
Statue of Boudica – North Station
Colchester Castle is the largest Norman Keep in Europe. Constructed on the foundations of the Temple of Claudius. The Castle Museum today reveals many fascinating layers of history to visitors.
The Colchester Roman circus (chariot-racing arena) was discovered in 2005. It was built in the early 2nd century AD and seems to have been in use for about 150 years. It is the only known Roman circus in Britain.
The remains of the Roman theatre in the town centre can best be seen in Maidenburgh Street in the Dutch Quarter. Look for the darker paving in the road showing the outline of the theatre's walls.
Colchester's Roman Wall is the oldest and longest surviving town wall in Britain.
The Archaeological Park is one of the most significant Iron Age and Roman sites in the country. Enjoy a walk and discover the highlights of the site with the interpretation boards around the Park.